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(There are 309 articles in the database.)

From: Irish Foreign Affairs: Editorials
Date: July, 2009
By: Editorial
Title: Danzig and the Start of the Second World War
Seventy years ago the British Empire made use of the anomalous position of the City of Danzig, between Germany and Poland, to provide the occasion for launching a World War. The Danzig anomaly was created by Britain in 1919. Its only purpose could have been to make mischief. If might have been made part of either the Polish State or the German State. Instead of that it was made a point of contention between them.

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From: Irish Foreign Affairs: Editorials
Date: July, 2009
By: Editorial
Title: The end of an Irish Foreign Policy?
An Bord Snip [Irish Government’s Expenditure Review Committee]
recommended: “A significant proportion of the Department
for Foreign Affairs expenditure is in respect of overseas
missions, most of which are small. Given the potential for
developing synergies between DFA and agencies such as Enterprise
Ireland, Tourism Ireland and An Bord Bia as well as the
potential establishment of a European External Action Service in
the event of the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty, the Group
recommends that the network of embassies and consulates be
reduced from 76 to 55. The Group also recommends that Ambassador
posts routinely be graded at Principal Officer level, with
only the three or four largest missions graded at Assistant
Secretary level as compared with the 41 ambassadors who are
currently of Assistant Secretary grade or higher. The Group notes
that the Foreign Service Allowance is not taxable nor is it subject
to the pension levy or income levy and recommends that it be
reduced by 12.5% in recognition of the contributions made by
those serving in other areas of the public service.”

There was no opposition evident to this proposal and therefore
it is likely to go ahead.

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From: Irish Foreign Affairs: Articles
Date: July, 2009
By: John Temple Lang & Eamon Gallagher
Title: Essential Steps for the European Union after the 'No' Votes in France, the Netherlands and Ireland
[The authors are both former senior officials of the EU. John
Temple Lang is a lawyer and a former Director responsible for
telecommunications and media in the Competition Directorate
General of the European Commission. He was a Director there
beginning in 1988, and from 1974 to 1988 he was in the Legal
Service of the European Commission, dealing primarily with
competition law issues. Eamonn Gallagher is a former Director
General in the European Commission and former EC Ambassador
to the United Nations, New York. He played a key role in Irish
diplomatic affairs over several decades and died earlier this year.
Both were committed supporters of the European project but
have serious reservations on the direction taken in recent years
with the lessening of the power of the Commisssion and the
growing power of the nation states and the replacement of the
‘community method’ by the intergovermental method of dealing
with issues.
This paper, which they prepared for the Centre for European
Policy Studies (CEPS), is limited to the technical aspects of the
changes and does not draw out the full political implications of
what these mean – or why they have come about. However, this
is an important contribution to the debate and the implications of
the changes for Foreign Policy are highlighted in a very useful

Biographical note by Jack Lane

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From: Irish Foreign Affairs: Articles
Date: January, 2009
By: Feargus O Raghallaigh
Title: Cowed By EU Globalism
Brian Cowen came back from Brussels on 12th December 2008 with a package of "legal guarantees" in response to The Statement of Concerns of the Irish People on the Treaty of Lisbon which he had brought with him. The deal with Sarkozy was set out in the EU "Presidency Conclusions" which committed the European Council to finding a legal means to enable it, while implementing the Lisbon Treaty, to retain a Commissioner for each member state and provide "protocols" in relation to Irish neutrality, national sovereignty in the area of taxation policy, the "right to life, education and the family" and workers' rights. All of this was on condition of the Irish Government "seeking ratification of the Treaty of the Lisbon by the end of the term of the current Commission". The mechanism offered to secure these "legal guarantees", according to Sarkozy, would be legislation attached to the next enlargement Treaty, presumed to be that for Croatia in 2010 or 2011 (See Cowen/Sarkozy Lisbon Deal: The Primacy of Politics over Legalism, Irish Political Review, February 2009)

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From: Irish Foreign Affairs: Articles
Date: January, 2009
By: Philip O'Connor
Title: European Commission: Answer to the Globalist Crisis
The European Commission recently pronounced on the international financial and economic crisis for the benefit of the Spring Council of Ministers and the G20 meeting scheduled for 2nd April (Communication for the European Council, Driving European recovery, 4th March 2009 -

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